Why was Akbar Bugti, who supported Pakistan’s accession to the Kalat Assembly, killed in Kohlu’s cave?

Mazhar Azad

The horrific moment of August 26, 2006 when a Pakistani dictator collapsed in the Kohlu Hussain valleys. Where a 70-year-old man, holding a cane in his hand, was living like a refugee on his own land with his tribe and other Baloch youth. “War has been imposed on us and we own this land and its resources. We have full authority to ensure our defense with our limited resources,” he said. Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti was born on Tuesday, July 12, 1927 in Barkhan Haji Kot. Nawab Sahib’s childhood name was Shahbaz Khan. He got his primary education from Dera Bugti. Later, his father Mehrab Khan enrolled him in Aitchison College. He was still studying when his father died in 1939. Nawab Sahib took over the responsibility of Nawabi and after completing his education he became active as a regular Sardar in 1944. Nawab Sahib had three wives, one Bugti, one Pathan and one from Sindh. The first wife has four sons Saleem, Rehan, Talal, Baslal, the second has a son Jamil Akbar and two daughters, the third has a son.

On November 28, 1946, two chiefs of the Murree Bugti tribe, Doda Khan Murree and Nawab Sahib, petitioned the British government that their tribal areas should also join the Kalat Federation as there were then two parts of Balochistan, Kalat and the British Balochistan. Although he was not interested in politics in the early days, he voted in favor of Pakistan in the limited referendum held in 1947 on the question of the annexation of British-administered Balochistan to Pakistan or India.After the days of Pakistan, in 1950, Nawab Akbar Bugti became an advisor to the Agent to Governor General Council. He won a by-election in 1958 and became part of the government. Malik remained in Feroz Khan Noon’s cabinet as Deputy Minister of Defense. He held this post for one year. He also served as Minister of State for Home Affairs. His only major achievement during his short tenure was the purchase of Gwadar from Muscat.

When in 1955 the two parts were merged with all the provinces and states of the western part of Pakistan and merged into the province of West Pakistan under one unit. Founded in 1956, the National Awami Party (NAP) gained further acceptance in Balochistan when three chiefs, Nawab Khair Bakhsh Murree, Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti and Sardar Ataullah Mengal, joined the NAP due to government repression at the end of Ayub’s rule. The slogan of the time was: A sign of unity, Ataullah, Khair Bakhsh, Akbar Khan.Ayub martial law, Mr. Bugti was first arrested for drug trafficking. When the allegation was not proved, he was accused of killing Hebat Bugti. He was subjected to the worst torture for confessing to a crime. Major Ali Sherbaz, who was an expert in torture at the time, used every means at his disposal but failed.Nawabs were considered to be restless. Mr. Bugti proved this wrong. He supported Fatima Jinnah in the presidential election. He was arrested. Ayub got 100% votes from Dera Bugti. Nawab Sahib was also arrested, charged with sedition and murder. Nawab Sahib stayed in Central Jail Karachi A Class Ward No. 19. He was arrested on a charge of murder after martial law and sentenced to fourteen years in prison, but was released in mid-July 1961. According to his son Jamil Bugti, my father first went to jail in 1959 when I was 10 years old. Then during Ayub Khan’s 10-year rule, my father spent eight and a half years in different jails. In a way we traveled all over the Punjab, sometimes to Sahiwal and sometimes to Lyallpur. At that time the name of Faisalabad was Lyallpur. In the time of Ayub Khan, prisoners were kept in Multan and Sibi in summer while in winter they were sent to Quetta Jail so that they could suffer as much as possible.

Nawab Sahib was banned from Abdu during the Ayub regime. He could not participate in politics for ten years. That is why he could not contest the 1970 election. His tumultuous political career began with the break-up of the One Unit and the 1970 general election. When the Pakistani Establishment or the ruling elite of West Pakistan refused to accept the results of the 1970 general elections and hand over power to the Bengalis, Nawab Bugti emerged as an ultra-Baloch nationalist.

It was only after the fall of the Awami League government that Nawab Murree and Sardar Mengal joined the regular National Awami Party NAP. Although Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti could not join the party due to Abdo, he continued to fully support NAP.The Balochistan operation began in 1963 with the help of the Iranian Air Force. The bombing of Balochistan by Iranian F-14 and RA-1 helicopters was a loss to the Pakistan Air Force in the 1971 war. Mr. Bugti sided with the government and was appointed governor. In the government of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, Nawab Sahib got the status of Governor of Balochistan for ten months, then resigned due to differences and went home. Akbar Bugti had accepted the post of governor on the condition that the operation would be ended as soon as the situation improved, but the operation continued despite his promise. Mr. Bugti was disappointed to break this promise. He resigned in January 1974. Mr. Bugti never joined the alliance with the PPP after that.

In 1980, Nawab Sahib adopted a unique approach to political strategy. He tried to put political pressure on the martial law government and refused to speak Urdu under Zia. He delivered speeches in his mother tongue everywhere. Then He started speaking Urdu in 1988 election. Nawab Sahib participated freely in the 1988 elections. He led the Baloch National Alliance and became the Chief Minister of Balochistan after winning the elections.
In 1989, Akbar Bugti allied with Nawaz Sharif. He became the Chief Minister of Balochistan. On August 16, 1990, the Jamhoori Watan Party was ousted. He did not return to Quetta, Islamabad, after the assassination of his heir, Saleem Bugti, in 1992. Instead, he withdrew from practical politics. During this time he would spend his time in his library.

It is said that Nawab Akbar Bugti’s library was a treasure trove of wonders. They had obsolete newspapers, rare books, masterpieces of paintings, as well as films that were probably the earliest films of the subcontinent. Mr. Bugti never wrote anything on a book but on important pages.

The governmental structures that were formed in Pakistan after the October 1990 elections were all in power, but the Jamhoori Watan Party was the only political party in opposition. In 1993, the Jamhoori Watan Party once again maintained its opposition. By participating in the 1997 elections, Nawab Sahib was elected a member of the National Assembly.Relations between Bugti and the government soured in 2005-06. Mr. Bugti wanted the people of the area to be involved in the government projects of Sui and Dera Bugti. He wanted local people to get jobs in the institutions. The military barracks should end at Dera Bugti and Sui. Over the course of a year, he held several failed talks with central government representatives. The Bugti tribe had the same reservations about development projects for Balochistan as the Pakhtunkhwa had reservations about the CPEC. But when there was a democratic government at the time of CPEC, these concerns were addressed through the APC but in 2006 there was a corn-wielding commando and he wanted to solve every problem by force.During this conflict, there was an incident of Dr. Shazia who worked as oil on a fire. Doctor Shazia was an employee of Pakistan Petroleum Limited. The security of the institution was handed over to the army. According to Dr. Shazia, she was sexually assaulted by Captain Hamad of the Pakistan Army. The incident with Dr. Shazia was not the first but it made Nawab Sahib even angrier. He demanded an inquiry into all the incidents but was denied.


Interestingly, even before the formation of the Judicial Commission in the case of Captain Hamad and Shazia, Pervez Musharraf came in uniform and said on TV that “Captain Hamad is two hundred percent innocent”. In January 2005, Dr. Shazia’s case set fire to the whole of Balochistan because women have a prominent place in Baloch society. The situation in Dera Bugti became tense after the incident. On January 7, 2005, the Bugtis blew up a gas pipeline, disrupting gas supplies to Pakistan. Rocket attacks from January 7, 2005 to January 11, cost Pakistan Petrol Limited, PPL Rs. 230 million, while gas supply was suspended, causing a daily loss of Rs. 120 million to Pakistan. On January 15, he said that the consequences of conquering Balochistan would be dangerous. On February 18, Nawab Akbar Bugti said that the government listens to bombings, not protests.
Talking to media on January 10, he said that Dr. Shazia was raped overnight by three officers led by Captain Hamad but the case could not be suppressed. The Baloch will not tolerate such shameful acts in their homeland. On the other hand, the Baloch leaders did not leave Dada Baloch alone. On January 13, a spokesman for the Baloch Liberation Front said: “We are not going to be intimidated by threats. If we move, Musharraf will not even get a chance to recover.” They are ready, show General Pervez War, keep Ghauri and Shaheen in check. Will work in bad times.
Pervez Musharraf was attacked in Balochistan. The blame fell on Mr. Bugti. His house was bombed. But it is worth thinking that the convoy of the corps commander was attacked in Karachi in 2004 and Musharraf was attacked three times in Punjab, but was it because of this that the whole of Karachi and Punjab was destroyed? Has any military operation been launched here? Not at all Then why were the Balochs bombed like enemies in an attack on Musharraf?
The Dera Bugti tragedy took place on March 17. Homes were bombed in Dera Bugti, killing more than 70 people. The shells fell on the population of Dera Bugti and Nawab Sahib’s fort. His personal secretary Rafiq Bugti was injured and two others were martyred. Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain writes in his book “Sach To Yeh Hai”: I was accompanied by Mushahid Hussain Syed, Monis Elahi and female journalist Naseem Zahra. We saw a big hole in his house which Nawab Sahib said was made by a military bombing in which his granddaughter was also injured. ”He continued to give an interview to the BBC. There was the sound of shelling. Nawab Sahib said that war has been imposed on us.
After that Nawab Sahib turned to the mountains at the age of 80. Eventually the Pakistani army decided to bomb urban areas and Nawab Sahib’s fort was bombed by gunship helicopters.

Nawab Bugti, while saluting the martyrs of Dera Bugti, said that March 17, 2005 was in fact the addition of a new chapter in the history of the Baloch nation’s sacrifices and a spark inside the torch of the struggle for national rights. He created a ray of light inside the darkness which will give a new impetus to the harmony. On the other hand, people of Baloch political, social and all schools of thought were praying for Nawab Sahib and the leaders took responsibility for the protection of Nawab Sahib on this difficult occasion and bestowed the title of Dada on Nawab Sahib. Things were changing fast. Fighting was raging around Kohlu and Dera Bugti. Shaheed Nawab Akbar Bugti was leading the Baloch army. The operations of Baloch militants intensified in urban areas.October 13, 2005 Nawab Sahib said in a statement that the general kept his promise. The Baloch received imprisonment and grief more than expected. In the end, death gives freedom. This is all the Baloch can expect. We will not allow Balochistan to be divided. No matter how many sacrifices have to be made for Balochistan, we will not shy away from it.
Nawab Sahib resisted in Piran Sali and finally on August 26, 2006 he was severely attacked at Taratani Mount Soleimani and is said to have been attacked with cluster bombs. In this way, he was martyred along with many of his servants and made a name for himself in Baloch history.

The day after Nawab’s death, prominent politician Javed Hashmi wrote a letter to his daughter from jail. “It was not a difficult task to arrest an 80-year-old man, but the rulers had decided to give him a taste of criticism of the officer who raped Dr Shazia.”
A man who worked as Federal Minister, Minister of State, Governor and Chief Minister Balochistan resident politician, person voting in favor of joining Pakistan in Kalat Assembly If at the age of 80, crying for the exploitation of Balochistan and its rights, he leaves his homeland and goes to a hill to resist so my conscience will make me wonder why the pro-Pakistan voter was killed in Kohlu’s cave?
It is said that when you have a hammer as your only tool, then every problem is visible as a nail.
Bugti tribe’s concerns were raised as anti-development and further allegations were made that rockets were fired at Musharraf’s convoy in Balochistan, while Akbar Bugti continued to disassociate himself from any such activity.

Written by Mazhar Azad you can reached him with Psymazhar@yahoo.com