One of the few books that is always on my side table is Maulana Maududi’s Khilafah and Monarchy. Thankfully, this book has never been part of the school curriculum.
Otherwise, it would have been banned by some of today’s great men. At some point, fatwas were also issued against this book and Maulana.
Nevertheless, it is one of Maulana’s most widely read books. This book is like a small treasure of Muslim history.
How did the Rashida Caliphate turn into a monarchy, why did wars take place among the Muslims, when and why did the religious differences between the Muslims start, what is the electoral Khilafah and the Soviet government, who were the assassins of Hazrat Uthman, what was the matter with Yazid’s crown? What is exodus, is it permissible to lead a sinner or a tyrant or not etc.
Before writing on these delicate matters, Maulana not only thoroughly researched the history but also sorted out the facts and established his honest opinion in such a scholarly manner that the respect of the Jalil-ul-Qadr Companions of prophet PBUH did not diminish.
The books I read every year on the ninth / tenth of Muharram include Tarikh-e-Tibari, Khilafah and Malukiyat. I was looking at this book last night when I came across an incident that had been erased from my memory.
Maulana Maududi writes that Hazrat Zaid bin Ali was the grandson of Imam Hussain, a great scholar and jurist of his time. This was also the time of Imam Abu Hanifa and he often used to take help from Zayd in religious matters.
At that time there was a government of Hisham bin Abdul Malik who was the brother of Yazid II. Hisham deposed his governor of Iraq Khalid bin Abdullah and started an investigation.
It was a historic moment, after a long time, a prominent member of the Ahl e Bayt was coming to the same city where Imam Hussain had visited sixty years ago. The news of the arrival of Hazrat Zaid seemed to shake the whole of Kufa and people began to gather around him like butterflies. “Anyway, the people of Iraq were fed up with the oppression of the Umayyads for years and wanted help to get up.” The availability of a pious, learned, jurist of the Alawite family was a boon to them.
They assured Zayd that one lakh men were ready to accompany him in Kufa and 15,000 men swore allegiance and registered their names in his register.While the exit preparations were in progress, the Umayyad governor was informed. Hazrat Zayd, seeing that the government had become alert, left prematurely in Safar 122 AH / 740 AD.
When the time came for a confrontation, the Shia of kofa left them.Only 218 men were with them during the war. During the war he was suddenly wounded by an arrow and his life came to an end. ”(Khilafah and Monarchy, p. 267)
Abu-Ala Maududi has narrated this incident from Tabari. If you read the details of this incident in the fifth volume of the history of Tibari, it seems as if the incident of Karbala has been repeated.
The same kofa’s, the same covenants. The same Ahl al-Bayt and the same their passion for martyrdom.
When Imam Hussein left for Kufa, he had also been “explained the ground realities” and told that this campaign would be extremely dangerous.Those who criticize Imam Hussein by saying that it was a power struggle, by making such an objection, they forget that the High Priest had a good knowledge what sacrifices they may have to make for the purpose for which they set out.On more than one occasion during his trip to Kufa, Imam Hussein had the option to return safely,But he did not accept. Hur also offered to go back, but the Prophet’s grandson refused, saying, “No, I swear by God.” I will swear allegiance in an insulting manner and I will not run away like a slave.The second thing that needs to be considered more is what should Imam Hussain had to do after Yazid came to power?Should they have sworn allegiance to Yazid in silence? Wouldn’t swearing allegiance have legitimized Yazid’s rule, and would that have been true? Was Yazid’s nomination and his rule legally correct according to the proposed principles of the Islamic Khilafah?These questions have been debated for centuries and it is obviously not possible to summarize this debate in four lines here. Maulana Maududi, however, took out the theme of this debate and wrote “We do not find this statement in the life of him (Imam Hussain) and in the life of any of his companions and followers after him. That their departure was unlawful and they were going to commit a haraam act.
In fact, it was against the honor of the Prophet’s grandson not to raise his voice against an illegitimate government. Whether the people of Kufa wrote letters to him or not, whether they broke the covenant or not, Imam Hussain (AS) had to support the truth in all circumstances. That is why he visited Kufa in spite of all the consequences and the realities on the ground. The rest is history.
If there is one model in the world that stands firm against oppression, tyranny and fascism, it is that of Imam Hussein. Walking on this path is the most difficult task in the world, this path deals with the worst enemies, These enemies have no mercy on the thirsty infant and no remorse for the desecration of corpses after killing. Imam Hussain’s head was cut off by Sanan ibn Anas and handed over to Kholi ibn Yazid. After the battle, Kholi went to his house. His wife asked him what he had brought. Kholi said, I have brought all the wealth of the world to you. I have brought the head of Hussain in your tent, he said, Cursed be you. People have brought gold and silver and you have brought the head of the son of the Messenger of Allah, she replied. (Tabari, Vol. IV). Sixty years later, history was repeated.
Zayd, the grandson of Imam Hussein, was beheaded and sent to Hisham, and his head was hung outside his door in Damascus.
Yasir Pirzada, a career civil servant (CSS officer), is one of the leading Urdu columnists who have built a wide readership over a very short period of time. you can reach him through email@example.com