Two more parties banned: How are these parties active in Pakistan?

Pukhtun Nama News

Khatam-ul-Anbiya, Ghazi Force also banned: Should the ban be imposed on groups or leaders?

Regarding the ban on two more banned organizations in recent days, former NACTA chief Ehsan Ghani said:  Only parties are banned by the institutions under Schedule IV, while the real ban should be on the leaders and workers of that party.

Pakistan’s Interior Ministry has banned two more parties in the same month, bringing their total to 78. The names of five organizations have been added to the list this year

The Interior Ministry banned Khatam-ul-Anbiya on August 19 under Section 11 (b) 1b and C of the Anti-Terrorism Act and the Ghazi Force on August 25 under Section 11 (a) 1b.

Khatam-ul-Anbiya is said to belong to the banned Shiite militant group Ansar al-Hussein, while Ghazi Force is a Pakistani militant organization formed after the siege of Lal Masjid in 2007 and was founded by Maulana Niaz Rahim, a former student of Lal Masjid.

The organization was named after Maulana Abdul Rashid Ghazi, who was killed during the Lal Masjid operation.

People do not have much information about Khatam-ul-Anbiya: analyst

According to analyst Amir Rana, the name of the militant group Khatam-ul-Anbiya has surfaced for the first time, while the National Anti-Terrorism Agency claims that it belongs to another banned party, Ansar al-Hussein. Doubts are also being expressed that the same party has emerged under another name after the ban on Ansar al-Hussein.

Chances are that this could also be related to the recruitment of militants in Pakistan.

He added that militant parties, whether they are Sunni parties like Tehreek-e-Libek or Lashkar-e-Jhangvi or Shia parties like Zainab-e-Brigade and Ansar-ul-Hussein, have always been recruiting fighters in Pakistan. Due to this, there have been incidents of terrorism in Pakistan in the border areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan near Afghanistan.

What is Khatam-ul-Anbiya and why was it banned?

The federal government banned Khatam al-Anbiya on August 19, 2020.

Ehsan Ghani, former chief of the National Counter-Terrorism Authority (NACTA), told Pukhtun Nama that the party is affiliated with the Shia militant group Ansar al-Hussein, which was banned by the Interior Ministry on December 30, 2019.

Ansar al-Hussein has a significant presence in Kurram District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Karachi, Sindh. The banned group has allegedly been involved in recruiting fighters from Kurram, Orakzai and other parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa who were sent to Syria to fight ISIS.

In the past, the Zenbiun Brigade of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) has recruited several Pakistani fighters.

In addition, Ansar al-Hussein has been working in Kurram as a welfare organization that also provided young volunteers to protect gatherings and processions in the month of Muharram.

According to the former NACTA chief, Ansar al-Hussein’s subordinate party Khatam al-Nabiya has been banned due to the recent blast and terrorist activities in Kurram district. On July 23, 2020, an explosion took place in Tori Bazaar in Parachinar, the capital of Kurram District, injuring 20 people.

How do banned organizations reactivate?

So far, the number of banned organizations in Pakistan has reached 78. On May 7 this year, the Sindh Revolutionary Army and the Sindh Liberation Army, including a group from the Jey Sindh National Front, were banned by the Interior Ministry, after which their names were added to the list of banned NACTA organizations.

But every time banned organizations are banned, they become active again under a different name or identity and continue their activities on a small or large scale.

This begs the question: what is the purpose of the ban imposed by the government of Pakistan on banned organizations?

Why and how do these parties come back with other names? And what can be done to prevent it?

In this regard, the former chief of the National Anti-Terrorism Agency helped us understand the current process of banning militant parties and some weaknesses in the NACTA laws regarding banned organizations.

According to him, the banned organizations Khatam-ul-Anbiya and Ansar-ul-Hassan are also part of a continuum.

When terrorist activities are exposed by such organizations, the government takes notice of them and bans them, under which these organizations are not only banned from traveling but also their bank accounts are frozen.In addition, for many years it has been observed that such parties in Pakistan work as welfare organizations on the front and are involved in terrorist activities behind.When they receive funding from foreign countries, these parties do a lot of charity work to show off and at the same time strengthen themselves.

Due to terrorist activities, these organizations are banned when they come on the radar of security agencies. But soon after the ban, these same parties are launched under another name and their dedicated workers once again become organizers and start anti-national activities. So this is a non-stop series.

Ehsan Ghani, the former chief of NACTA, said, “The reason for this continuity is that only parties are banned by our institutions under Schedule IV, while the real ban should be imposed on the leaders and workers of this party.”
According to him, the solution is to ban militants under Schedule II because they are the ones who launch their party under another name.
“Under the law, when they are banned, they need the permission of the relevant SHO before traveling outside their area. They are prohibited from visiting schools, colleges, parks, bus stands and other public places.” Yes, they can’t open a bank account.
In addition to these, there are many other restrictions that can be used to bind a militant to a large extent, but the problem is that these laws exist but they are not enforced and that is why banned organizations never stop. Nor are their numbers ever diminished.