Dr. Sohail Khan
The collective identity of the Pakhtun nation played an everlasting role in the war of independence. Pakhtuns took various stages of resistance and sued their national identity in the face of imperialist oppression.
The British had to incite violence and they were fully equipped to suppressed the independence movement. However, the Khudai Khidmatgar movement thwarted every tactic of Western imperialism with the philosophy of non-violence and structural techniques. When it did not work, they tried religion as a weapon. but, the followers of non-violence also subdued that. Khudai Khidmatgare was started in 1929 and within a year this movement had proved itself to be a well-organized movement. God’s Servants own newspaper and magazine ‘Pakhtun’ was carrying out its full fill the duty of creating political consciousness. On the other hand, independent schools had been established in all the districts through formal education.
The first mushaira of history had been arranged on the stage where the technical courses of spiritual concept and employment were also taught in addition to the lessons of love of soil. This was the first Attempted in the history to’ awakened Pashtun National, This series went on – for the welfare and betterment of the society, Khudai Khidmatgar had started cleaning mosques and Hujras as a campaign. To strengthen the organization, Khudai Khidmatgar used to organize regular morning and evening parades. And as it moved towards the desired goals of identity, Western imperialism planned to crush it through violence and on April 23, 1930, shot at unarmed freedom fighters in Qissa Khawani Bazaar, Peshawar, and martyred 272 kites of freedom.
Later, in May 1930, an entire village was burnt down in Takkar Mardan while 28 people were martyred mercilessly. The next turn was at Atmanzai, where the army fired machine guns at the servants of God, killed two and injured several others.
A similar incident took place on August 24, 1930 in Bannu, Spain. This time the people were ordered to surrender all their weapons with the thought that Pakhtuns would refuse and there would be an easy opportunity to crush them. However, the people submitted their weapons.
Jail at bannu latter on turn to Qazi Fazal Qadir park in ANP government
A gathering was held in which it was decided that a meeting would be held on August 24, 1930 at the site of Spin Tangi, after which the two leading leaders, Hebat Khan and Raees Khan, were arrested. Deputy Commissioner Bannu along with Frontier Constabulary searched all the houses and then took out the goods from their houses and set them on fire.
The meeting was presided over by Qazi Fazal Qadir but the British captain Eshrawat wanted to arrest him but the people arched that they would submit there arrest after the meeting. Remember that Eshrawat was the officer who indiscriminately fired in the Qissa Khawani Bazaar tragedy where hundreds of people were martyred.
Thousands of people had gathered at the site of the Spin Tangi at the time of the meeting, while the White Army magazine guide had taken the meeting into custody. Qazi Fazal Qadir was standing on the stage Captain Ashrwat with his four soldiers stormed to the stage with a pistol in his hand – Haji Fazal Qadir exhorted all his comrades to remain peaceful.
according to Ikramullah Gran a Pashto Poet (Translation)
“If someone grabs me by the collar to kill me, I won’t hold his hand because I hate mischief under any circumstances”.
Captain Asher Out grabbed Qazi Fazal Qadir by the beard and insulted him so much that the people became very angry. Meanwhile, Ishwarwat fired a pistol and shot dead Haji Fazal Qadir and an elder standing next to him. Jundal Shah, a young man from Bazar Ahmad Khan, who was present at the rally, attacked the captain with a sickle. Two hundred participants were blindfolded with bullets while 420 goats and buffaloes were also shot.
Haji Fazal Qadir’s body was buried in Bannu Jail instead of being handed over to his heirs.
A commission of inquiry was set up headed by Justice Nematullah on the same tragedy and the commission recommendations mentioned the innocence of the people but as usual Farangi did not apologize for Jallianwala Bagh nor for Spin tangi massacre.
August 24, 2020, when, 90 years after the incident, history did not consider it appropriate to mention their sacrifices in any state geography, nor was it interested in preserving any geographical history.
Sohail Khan is a PHD scholar and Chairman of Pashto Department at Abdul Wale Khan Univerty Mardan You can reach him https://www.facebook.com/sohailkhan30