Abdul Manaf Himmat
In the descendants of Ismail(AS), the great-grandfather of the Holy Prophet (SAW), Abdul Manaf, had a very high personality and good reputation.
Abdul Manaf had four sons: Nawfal, Muttalib, Hashim and Abdul Shams. Among these four brothers, the families of Hashim and Abd al-Shams were the most famous, and later large tribes were formed.
Although Hashim was younger than Abd al-Shams, his fame and generosity earned him a reputation as a leader of the tribe, he had connections with the Roman and Abyssinian courts, He was also the custodian of the Kabah
These privileges were not tolerated except by Hashim’s nephew (Umayya bin Abdul Shams) and even he started open rivalry and enmity with his uncle (Hashim).
One day, Abdul Shams called Hashim and asked him to compete with him. Hashim also compulsorily accepted the debate and decided that the leaders of the Khuza’ah tribe would be the judges of the debate, with the authority to declare the winner and the loser, and both sides would accept it. Part of the decision was that the losing side would pay the winner 50 camels and leave the country for another 10 years.
The Umayyads lost the debate, gave Hashem fifty camels and fled to Syria (present-day Syria) for ten years. From there, a series of feuds began between the Bani Hashem and Bani Umayyad families.
At the time of the Prophet’s mission, the leadership of Bani Hashim was in the hands of Hashim’s son and Prophet’s grandson Abdul Muttalib’s sons and the Prophet’s cousins (Abu Talib, Hamza, Abbas and Abi Lahab) and the Umayyad family. The leadership was in the hands of Abu Sufyan, Affan and Hukam.
When the Prophet (pbuh) proclaimed his prophethood, the Umayyads strongly opposed him. During this clash, Abu Sufyan fought with the Holy Prophet (SAW), Hazrat Mu’awiyah (RA) fought with Hazrat Ali (RA) and Yazid martyred Hazrat Imam Hussain (RA).
Although the event was initially marked by tribalism, it later took on a religious dimension, and today Shia is the second largest religion among Muslims after Sunnis, holding a special religious ceremony on the 10th of Muharram. And condemns the Karbala incident.
Of course, the tenth day of Ashura has been an important day since Adam (pbuh). This day is important even before the event of Karbala and very important events have taken place on this day. This day was considered important and celebrated in other religions before Islam, but before the event of Karbala, this remembrance was not a sorrow but a joy. This day is important for both Sunni and Shia Muslims, but the form of commemoration and beliefs differ from one another.