Since we are believers and are living in an Islamic country created by the command of Allah on the 27th of Ramadan (according to them), we cannot celebrate April Fool’s Day because it is a sin to lie. It seems that the rulers of the Kingdom of God have adopted another method to make up for this shortcoming and have made September 6 a day of defense by telling a lot of lies about September 6th. There are two benefits of this, one is that the national day of lies is celebrated without knowing it, which is not a sin because those who celebrate it do not know that it is all a lie and the other benefit is that the day of defense is also celebrated with enthusiasm with free “advertisement” for “the boys”. In Pakistan studies book, newspapers, magazines, radio, TV and now on social networking sites, most of the information that has been officially given to people about Defense Day and the September War is not historically accurate. Too many misrepresentations and false stories of courage have been fabricated to cover up their failures. The September War was actually the August War as Pakistan started it in August. The invader was Pakistan, not India. We did the aggression, not theIndians. Also looking at the calamities the war and Tashkent agreement, it becomes clear that the winner was not Pakistan but India.
In 1959 Ayub Khan presented a plan to India called “Joint Defense Strategy” which aimed to ensure that India and Pakistan would jointly fight any external aggression (especially Chinese aggression) and the two countries should work together to protect the subcontinent. This will significantly reduce the tension between India and Pakistan. The plan was rejected by Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, but in February 1965, Ayub Khan, who had offered a joint defense strategy tried to do a strategic manoeuvre in the swampy area of Run of Kuchh. The issue was later resolved through the efforts of British Prime Minister James Harald Wilson, and under the agreement, 10 percent of the territory went to Pakistan and 90 percent to India. In August 1965, Operation Gibraltar was thwarted again and failed miserably. In response, on September 6, 1965, India opened a new front and crushed our pride to the ground. For six decades, they have been dragging the people of the country on a false history of false victory by playing hymns of fake bravery.
According to details, in December 1964, General Ayub formed a secret Kashmir cell comprising of Foreign Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, Intelligence and Foreign Secretary Aziz Ahmed, which was tasked with mobilizing freedom fighters in Kashmir and many more. As a result, insurgency and anti-India protests intensified in Kashmir. In February 1965, the Kashmir Cell proposed a military operation to Ayub Khan, but Ayub Khan rejected the proposal, saying who had authorized the Foreign Office and military intelligence to carry out such a plan? He also said that you have been asked only to keep an eye on the situation, to keep the insurgency in Kashmir and to create and keep an anti-India atmosphere. In March 1965, Ayub Khan and Foreign Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto paid an eight-day visit to China and came under the misconception that China would help Pakistan in the event of a war with India. Remember that this was a common mistake of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and Ayub Khan. In April 1965, in a limited battle, Indian forces evacuated the area of Ran of Kuchh. After this limited war, India was in turmoil and Pakistan’s military government was foolishly confident. The Kashmir Cell decided to take a dangerous gamble in the wake of India’s defeat at the hands of China, the weak leadership of Lal Bahadur Shastri, a small success of the Ran of Kuchh and the ongoing insurgency in Kashmir. It is also said that in January 1965, President Ayub won the presidential election from Quaid-e-Azam’s sister Fatima Jinnah, and the actions taken for the winning of President Ayub in that presidential election tarnished President Ayub’s image. “Operation Gibraltar” was planned to liberate Kashmir in order to create a good image of Ayub Khan.
What was Operation Gibraltar?
On May 13, 1965, General Ayub ordered the launch of Operation Gibraltar. The purpose of this operation was to occupy a large area of Kashmir and bring India to negotiating table for Kashmir without waging a large-scale war. The design of the operation was finalized on May 26, 1965 in Murree. On August 5, 1965, in the first phase, the Gibraltar Force, comprising about 20,000 to 30,000 assailants, was deployed across the entire ceasefire line from Jammu to Ori, Thatwal, Gurez and south to Kargil in occupied Kashmir. Operation Gibraltar was also expected to provoke the Muslim population of Indian-administered Kashmir to revolt. In this connection, a rebel radio station was also set up which was said to be located somewhere in Kashmir while it was broadcasting from Rawalpindi in which the activities of ‘Mujahideen’ were exaggerated to provoke the people India.
Gibraltar Force captured
But the civilian population of Indian-administered Kashmir was not only unprepared for a general uprising, but also faced difficulties at the hands of these intruders. According to Altaf Gohar, “Kashmiris captured Pakistani soldiers and handed them over to the Indian army.” Military historians have cited a number of instances in which civilians were killed or wounded in their actions. The atmosphere in Kashmir was already very tense and the Gibraltar force made it even more dangerous for India. India called it a Pakistani intervention while Ayub Khan vehemently denied it, calling it an act of Kashmiri guerrillas. On August 8, a large contingent of the Gibraltar Force arrived in Srinagar successfully, accompanied by convoys to the Pir Dastgir festival. The plan was for the Gibraltar Force to take control of Srinagar with the help of protesters during the previously announced protests against the arrest of Sheikh Abdullah on August 9, to oust the Sadiq government and to announce the formation of a Kashmir Revolutionary Council government and then formal assistance will be sought from Pakistan. The plan was that Major General Akhtar Hussain Malik would arrive in Srinagar with a pre-formed force in the form of the Conqueror of Kashmir to announce the aid, but the Gibraltar Force failed miserably because of the Kashmiri people as well as the Indian forces. Many members of the Gibraltar Force were captured and killed. On August 15, Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri issued a formal order to stop the incursion of Indian forces from the ceasefire line, which the Pakistani military government did not expect. Indian forces took control of the ceasefire line and not only stopped the incursion but also attacked Pakistani posts in Kargil as part of an offensive strategy. On 28th August, they captured two important positions in the Tatwal sector and within five kilometers of Azad Kashmir. In short, Pakistan lost the gamble and Operation Gibraltar failed completely. Since the war, popularly known as September 6, originally began with Operation Gibraltar on August 5, the post-war Tashkent agreement also stated that the two countries’ forces would move to the August 5’s position. If the war had started on September 6 attack, the agreement would have been on the military positions according to September 6.
What was Operation Grand Slam?
Disappointed with the failure of Operation Gibraltar, General Ayub set up another offensive and large-scale counter-operation to counter India’s aggressive strategy. It was Operation Grand Slam with two objectives, the first being Akhnoor on Chenab and this passing road from Jammu to Rajouri and Poonch encircling Indian forces in the western parts of the state and the second taking control of Jammu and Srinagar Road. Indian forces were to be captured and cut off from Banihal Pass. For this reason, progress was being made and it was quite possible that this operation would be successful, but General Musa Khan, the Commander-in-Chief of Pakistan army decided to change his horse and General Yahya Khan was appointed Division Commander in place of General Akhtar Hussain Malik. The break with the change of commander proved to be an unseen aid to India, and Operation Grand Slam also failed due to India’s strong counter-attack. On September 1, Pakistani forces launched a major offensive at the very end of the ceasefire line at Bhimber Chenab, where Jammu meets Punjab. With this attack, the Indian forces retreated and moved to defensive positions. To save Akhnoor and Jammu, the Indian forces resorted to air force and on September 1, the Indian Air Force and on September 2, the Pakistan Air Force joined in the dispatch and now the regular war has begun. India accused Pakistan of crossing the international border which was true and Pakistan had crossed it for the release of its prisoners. On September 4, the United Nations passed a unanimous resolution calling for an immediate and unconditional ceasefire between the two countries, which Pakistan rejected. On September 5, Pakistani forces captured the pair and Akhnoor was just 20 km away from Pakistani forces, the only means of communication between Poonch and Ori. On September 6, the United Nations once again issued a unanimous resolution calling for a ceasefire between the two countries, which Pakistan rejected again. The Pakistanis were advancing rapidly and the capture of Akhnoor city (India’s most important military cantonment) lasted only two or three hours, but instead of retaliating in Akhnoor, India attacked Lahore and opened the front of their choice. It not only shocked policy makers and war strategists but also embarrassed Pakistan and disgraced it in the world. On 6th September, under intense pressure from Pakistani forces on Akhnoor and Jammu and to save these cities, India launched a war on the international border and on the same day attacked Lahore and the next day attacked Sialkot via East Punjab which was expected by the Pakistani forces. It is evident from the results that both the operations were not planned well. The Pakistani forces were shocked by this move of the Indian forces and then the famous battle of September 6 started.
Pakistan’s victory marriages are still celebrated today, but the fact is that General Musa Khan, the commander of the Pakistan Army, said that by August 28 and it is said that his soldiers had nothing but stones to fight. The Pakistani army crossed the international border to rescue the besieged soldiers in one place and since the violation of the international border is known as aggression in the popular term, its response had to come and on September 6 it came in the form of an attack from India.
The funny thing is that the Pakistani people were not aware of this fierce battle that has been going on for weeks. They believed that the cowardly enemy had invaded Pakistan in the dark of night, and some still do believe it due to the strong hold of the official state narrative. Another interesting thing is that the attack on Lahore by the Indian forces was reported by the Pakistan Air Force which was kept indifferent to the whole scene. the 17-day war, Pakistan’s only attempt to attack, rather than defend, was on September 11 near the town of Khemkarna. The local commander did not study the area properly. India opened the Madhopur canal and created a situation where the Pakistani army had to give up the attack and retreat. In short the whole plan was a disaster.
General Musa writes that the decision to unload umbrella troops in remote places like Adampur, Pathankot and Halwara without thinking was wrong. Of the 200 or so troops, less than ten returned. Their commander was also arrested. Ten days after the start of the war, according to Altaf Gohar President Ayub, was exhausted in his chair and the people were being made to heard motivational speeches, songs of Madam Noor Jahan, the unknown deeds of the Pakistan Army and the performance of the elders.
A ceasefire was declared on September 23, 17 days after the war began on September 6. There is also the opinion that if this war had continued for a few more days, Pakistan would have suffered even heavier losses. After the ceasefire, the question arose as to who won this war? The Pakistani people celebrated that we did not allow the Indians to have breakfast in Lahore while the Indian people celebrated that Pakistan had fought this war to liberate Kashmir and they failed in this endeavor. According to independent sources, 3800 Pakistani soldiers were martyred in the war while 3000 of India, 200 to 300 tanks of Pakistan were captured or destroyed while 150 to 190 from Indian side, 60 to 75 fighter aircraft of Pakistan were destroyed and only 20 planes of India were destroyed. Pakistan’s 710-square-mile area was occupied by India, while India’s 210-square-mile was occupied by Pakistan. Since the attack was originally carried out by Pakistan in the form of Operation Gibraltar and India’s loss in the war was less than Pakistan’s loss in all respects, in principle India can be declared the winner instead of Pakistan. If measured by another scale, it is also the “Tashkent Agreement”, according to which India reclaimed 710 square miles of occupied territory from Pakistan while Pakistan returned 210 square miles.
President Ayub often said of Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, “It is a waste of time to have a serious conversation with this short man.” After the failure of the war, on January 10, 1966, Ayub Khan signed the “Treaty of Tashkent” with a the same short man which was not worthy of a serious conversation. Regarding the death of Lal Bahadur Shastri on the second day of the agreement, Qudratullah Shehab writes that when I saw the picture in which President Ayub was carrying the coffin of Bahadur Shastri on a ship bound for Delhi with the Russian Prime Minister, It seemed that not only was Shastri’s body in the coffin, but all our progress on the Kashmir issue was wrapped up and locked up in it because after January 10, 1966, there were no Security Council resolutions on the Kashmir issue. Rather, it was a clause of the Tashkent Agreement in which the state of Jammu and Kashmir was mentioned only implicitly. It is said that the failure of this war broke the military ruler of Pakistan Ayub Khan. After this war, his power weakened and he had to leave the government three years later. Ayub Khan died in 1974 but left behind a legacy of military adventure. A Pakistani writer writes that if wars were won on the basis of songs, then Pakistani songs in 1971 were better than 1965. As per the wishes and expectations of the eagle-eyed foreign minister Bhutto, the idea spread in Pakistan that Ayub Khan won the war on battle but lost it on the negotiating table in Tashkent, which gave Bhutto a long lasting political advantage.
Fifty-five years later, September 6 in Pakistan is celebrated as Defense Day instead of Victory. On September 6, the entire nation is told false stories of courage and bravery on the state media. How much fiction there is in the stories of the bravery of those who got Nishan-e-Haider can be well understood by a common reader of literature but the media has lied so much in 55 years that now all the lies seem to be true. In the days to come, state sponsored writers and intellectuals like Mumtaz Mufti and Qudratullah Shehab, etc., have kept the people still suffering from artificial narcissism and false courage by publishing false true stories of bravery related to the September War.
Radio Pakistan and Urdu newspapers were the only media in Pakistan that kept the nation excited in the September war and that is why people still believe in official statements. Most of the national anthems and war songs in the were broadcast on Radio Pakistan in those days. In the September war, the photographers fabricated so many lies that in the days of Blackout, news was broadcast on Radio Pakistan for naive Pakistanis that an army of angels of Allah wearing green robes and green turbans would stand beside our soldiers on the battlefield. Volunteers of the army of angels sent with the help of Allah, wearing white shrouds, lay down and destroy them by lying under the tanks of the Indian army. The field is in our hands, with the help of Allah. The shadow of Allah is mercy on Pakistanis, this country is God-given, it came into existence on the 27th of Ramadan, therefore it is invincible. The innocent people is suffering from narcissism and misunderstanding and the arrogant rulers never pays attention to the real problems of the country. Due to this behaviour of ignoring the real problems and being indulged in non-issues East Pakistan got separated from us and became Bangladesh. Interestingly, during the war with India unseen aid came to the defense of the country, but no aid came during the collapse of the same country.
It is a fact that the people of Pakistan showed great enthusiasm in 1965, but it was due to a mixture of war hysteria and ignorance. General Yahya rejected the proposal to hold military failures accountable after the war, saying that some lies have to be maintained to keep the people in high spirits, but that lie has become very dangerous today. Retired Air Marshal Noor Khan, who commanded the Pakistan Air Force in 1965, had said in an interview that the evil army had “misled the nation by telling a big lie that this war was not waged by Pakistan but by India.” According to him, now that this ‘lie’ has not been corrected, the army is beginning to believe its own fabricated story and is fighting unnecessary wars.
Unfortunately the state’s behaviour is the same and are ignoring real problems while being engaged in non-issues So it is clear that the day is not far away when defeats like the war of August and events like the fall of Dhaka will happen even more.
Written by Mazhar Azad you can reached him with Psymazhar@yahoo.com