The literacy rate in Pakistan is higher than in the United States of America or any European county. I wish I could have heard this sentence in my life span which by far is a goal unachievable given the governments’ Priorities and the level of efficiency in carrying out the administrative tasks. Not only the aforementioned hurdles are creating bottlenecks in the way of making a smooth, efficient, and productive education system rather these obstacles have plunged the nation as a whole into the darkness of ignorance and incompetence to perform their citizenry duties. Consequently, the nation is lagging in social, educational, economic, and political spheres even far behind the countries; that have emerged after the creation of our beloved country. Education in the contemporary world is the very need of a person for knowing and gaining his national, societal, and individual rights. Making peaceful and cooperative atmosphere both on the domestic and international level, education has become the sole tool for achieving this end.
The education system undoubtedly is the backbone of a nation if it is defective then the country is destined to face retrogression and that is the case with Pakistan. Unfortunately, from the very beginning due to the landlord hold and the insincere political leadership abreast with the dictatorial regimes, educational sector has not been paid with due heed. The allocation of funds to the educational sector has been equal to none. This attitude on the part of rulers later established an educational system on unequal footing leading to class disparities and a high turmoil in the sector. Now after decades, the system at hand is defective in many ways, street after street is decorated with banners and posters of the first ‘position holder’ along with the name of the college or school in the capitals. The importance given to marks rather than creativity and invention is so high and to say the least, irrational. The examination is conducted to evaluate students learning progress and performance by applying both qualitative and quantitative techniques. However, in the examination system of Pakistan, only the memory of students is tested and not all aspects of the learning are evaluated. Moreover, unfair means are frequently practiced in the examination halls, whereas the teacher comes up with lame excuses that they cannot do anything lonely. Neither the critical nor the creative skills are examined. In addition, the examiners are given plenty of examination copies that they need to check and mark. These copies in most of the cases are handed over to students for checking. Even if the examiners check themselves, as per a university professor, they take maximum of two minutes to check and mark a seventy pages copy. Only the handwriting and the headings are counted, the rest is not considered. In such a marks-oriented competitive examination system, the ones who couldn’t secure marks get depressed or leave schooling. The so romanticizing of marks is done by the private school and college owners to boost up their businesses at the O and A level. That in turn shapes the educational career of the students in higher education. This marks-scoring competition leads to a rattasystem which is prevalent not only in college but in higher education as well. The students do ratta without comprehending and understanding the topic: the whole texture is memorized, and no due critical and analytical heed is paid.
A few days back the University of Peshawar declared the annual result of the master’s program. Most of the students were disgruntled and disappointed at this, as the toppers were the students rarely seen in the classrooms. Due to the above defects in the examination system, most of the shining students barely held average marks. Owing to this very factor, numerous students drop out of colleges and do not feel motivated for further studies. As far the qualified students of higher education are concerned the federal and provincial recruiting boards for various positions, shortlist candidates based on academic marks, thus again marks and ratta culture is promoted instead of evaluating the intellectual position of the individuals. Notwithstanding, the government and other recruiting organs have frequently denied the appointment of the toppers or of the students due to their weak hold on the subjects. This, as well, is largely due to the defective examination system and, by and large, the educational system of the country.
The contemporary world is developing at a rate faster than ever recorded in history. At this crucial time, the sole responsibility of the government is to uplift the nation through education. By allocating appropriate funds to the educational sector more educational buildings can be erected, larger people can be involved in the nation-building process, and more a responsible nation can be made. The rest of the world is writing and publishing masterpieces of the era, discovering and inventing things for the service of humanity and facilitating the entire humankind. Whereas, unfortunately, the educational system of Pakistan is, so far, pathetically failed in securing any worthwhile record in the field of science and technology or any other. Furthermore, in an area where most of the countries have a literacy rate above eighty-five percent, Pakistan is lagging at sixty percent.
The government of time needs to bring a high-level reform in the overall educational system for minimizing the dropout rate, making a uniform curriculum, training teachers, and especially reforming the examination system so that a responsible and prosperous nation could be built. More and more people could get an education because without an efficient education system, no nation can cope with the challenges the world is facing today.